In the CLAT Reading Comprehension Section, questions typically fall into three main categories: direct questions, author-based questions, and indirect questions. These question types assess distinct aspects of your reading comprehension abilities and necessitate different approaches for effective answers.
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Direct questions focus on specific information or details explicitly stated in the passage. They evaluate your capacity to comprehend and retrieve concrete information from the text, such as facts, dates, names, or definitions. To address direct questions, carefully read the question, scan the passage for relevant details, and compare the options to the passage content. Select the option that aligns with or closely corresponds to the explicitly stated facts.
Example of a direct question:
According to the passage, when was the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted?
Author-based questions delve into the author’s perspective, intention, or attitude toward the subject matter. These questions necessitate an analysis of the author’s tone, purpose, or opinion as expressed in the passage. They often evaluate your ability to make inferences, comprehend the author’s argument, or identify the main idea from the author’s viewpoint. To answer author-based questions, scrutinize the tone, language, and supporting evidence used by the author. Consider the overall message conveyed and choose the option that aligns with the author’s perspective.
Example of an author-based question:
What is the author’s attitude towards the proposed legislation?
Indirect questions are broader and require a more profound understanding of the passage. They may ask you to infer, analyze, or synthesize information. These questions assess your ability to critically evaluate the passage, make logical deductions, identify implicit meanings, or draw connections between different parts of the text. To address indirect questions, carefully analyze the question, refer back to relevant sections of the passage, and use your comprehension of the passage as a whole to make educated guesses.
Example of an indirect question:
What can be inferred from the passage about the long-term effects of climate change on biodiversity?
Familiarizing yourself with each question type and practicing responses will help develop effective strategies for addressing a variety of questions. Remember to closely analyze the question, refer back to the passage, and use your comprehension skills to identify the most accurate and supported answer choice.