Cultural Rights, cherished as fundamental rights under Article 29 and Article 30 of the Indian Constitution, extend to every individual in our diverse society. These rights empower people to uphold their unique cultures and languages. Given the rich tapestry of civilizations, writing systems, and languages in India, our society is a vibrant mosaic of diversity. The framers of the Indian constitution recognized that this diversity is our collective strength, emphasizing the need to safeguard and nurture it.
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Article 29 of the Constitution of India
Protection of interests of minorities:-
- Every community living in India, or any specific region within the country, that possesses a unique language, script, or culture has the right to preserve and nurture its distinct identity.
- No individual should face discrimination in gaining entry to any state-run educational institution or one supported by state funds based solely on factors such as religion, race, caste, language, or any combination of these. Equality in educational opportunities is a fundamental principle.
Article 30 of the Constitution of India
Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions:-
- Everyone, regardless of their religion or language, has the right to create and run schools that align with their beliefs.
- If the government wants to take over a school belonging to a minority community, they must ensure that the compensation offered doesn’t undermine the minority’s right to manage their educational institutions.
- Article 30(2) prevents the state from discriminating against any community, be it religious or linguistic, when providing financial assistance to schools. Essentially, minority schools should receive support on par with other institutions.
- If aid is denied to a school just because it’s managed by a minority group, that denial is not valid. Additionally, receiving aid shouldn’t force a change in the fundamental nature of the school.
- Article 30(2) acknowledges that even with financial assistance, the minority character of the institution should be preserved and not altered.
Read Also: History of Constitution of India